IV InterEcoForum 2015, dedicated to sustainable agriculture, has started in Moscow.
On October 15, 2015 in hotel "National", Moscow, began the IV InterEcoForum dedicated to sustainable agriculture based on modern innovative technologies. High-level authorities of the state agencies, embassies, trade associations and business circles have visited the first day of the Forum to discuss the key issues of development and use of innovative technologies in the field of agriculture in the context of the policy of import substitution and reduction of the environmental burden of the agricultural sector. Moscow hosts IV InterEcoForum for the first time, the previous three editions were held in Marbella, Spain.
In his welcoming speech to the participants of the Forum, the President of the United Nations Association of Russia, Rector of MGIMO (University) of the MFA of Russia Anatoly Torkunov has noted that one the most important subjects in the creation of the UN was to "ensure peoples with food" because this solves a lot of other tasks, and, if there is no effective agriculture and there is no way to meet the daily needs of the people, it is impossible to talk about peace and security.
Deputy Minister of Energy of the Russian Federation Anatoly Yanovsky in his report has focused on the interconnection between energy and agriculture, and said that according to the new draft of Energy Strategy of Russia until 2035, energy production from biomass will increase 3.5 times.
The importance of sustainable agriculture, which means achieving high performance while preserving natural resources, and achieving targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions and rural development, talked Spanish Ambassador to Russia Jose Ignacio Carbajal. This principle is the basis of the agricultural policy of the European Union and it defines the national policy of Spain. The Ambassador wished success to the organizers and participants of the Forum and expressed his willingness to promote the establishment of partnerships between agricultural companies of Russia and Spain.
Vital need for modern agricultural technology is particularly felt in the Arctic territory of Russia, where according to the Deputy Governor of Arkhangelsk region Vladimir Shchelokov any agriculture is "super critical." In this sort of regions such technology related to the processing of agricultural waste, and growing crops in adverse climate conditions, are in great demand.
In his welcoming remarks, the head of the Belgian-Luxembourg Chamber of Commerce of the Russian Federation Oleg Prozorov, noted that Russia is "in desperate need of new technologies" and the fact that the Forum brought together a large number of stakeholders, including foreign ones, confirmed the desire to work even in difficult political conditions.
On behalf of Deputy Minister of Agriculture of the Russian Federation Yevgeny Gromyko, speech has made a member of the Presidium of the Russian Agrarian Union Vasily Zakharyashchev, he conveyed the willingness of the Ministry for Agriculture to take note of all the recommendations of the Forum, and also drew attention to the need to consider the interests of 20 million gardeners and owners of gardens in Russia.
The official sessions started with a presentation by the President of the Association of peasant (farmer) farms and agricultural cooperatives of Russia Vladimir Plotnikov. He said that 52 percent of domestic food produce peasant farm (sompanies) and farms, but they are faced with problems of marketing, because the trading activities closed to large agricultural holdings. Though there are already exist examples of successful logistics centers in the regions, at the federal level this issue is not regulated.
The environmental component of agriculture is very important for understanding the capabilities of Russia, says Chairman of the Committee of Commerce and Industry of the Russian Federation on the development of agro-industrial complex and the founder of the group of companies "Belaya Dacha" Viktor Semenov. Russia at this stage may consider the mistakes of Western partners not to follow the path of super intensive agriculture and the use of hormonal substances and GMOs. However, in Europe, a food producer who does not use pesticides is marked and can add 30 percent to the cost of products. Russia has no such practice. Therefore, the economic mechanisms necessary to support environmental technologies, so as not to "slide" in the simplest way of the use of harmful "super technologies".
On the experience of the organization and functioning of the wholesale and logistics centers in Spain, said Andres de Pando, the director of the International Department of the Spanish state-owned company Mercasa. He elaborated on the concept of "food business", which is implemented in all Mercasa wholesale centers around the country.
Member of the Board under the Chairman of the The Council of the Federation Committee for Agrarian and Food Policy and Environmental Management Vladislav Zhukov spoke about the changes that occurred in the Russian legislation in the field of waste management and environmental protection, related, primarily, as amended by the Federal Law "On Production and Consumption Waste" and the Federal Law "On Environmental Protection".
On the global and Russian experience of Conservation Agriculture told the President of the National Movement for Conservation Agriculture Lyudmila Orlova. According to her estimates, Russia could produce 300 million tons of grain (in the actual production of 100 million tons), due to the use of more advanced technologies of farming.
Technical and scientific cooperation between Spain and Russia in the agricultural sector was the subject of presentation of Advisor of the Ministry of Agriculture at the Spanish Embassy in the Russian Federation Ignacio Gandarias Serrano. He noted that environmental compliance is one of the main conditions for receiving state aid to agriculture in Spain. He elaborated on the subject of mechanisms to support scientific research in the agricultural sector, noting that Russian companies yet have little interest in the Spanish experience in supporting the development of resource-saving technologies. However, expressed hope that InterEcoForum can become a platform of exchange of experience in this field.
The second day of the Forum will be devoted to consideration of specific methods for innovative agriculture, used in Russia, Spain and other countries.